Central Lincolnshire Local Plan Review - Proposed Submission Local Plan

Proposed Submission Local Plan

Appendix 3: Open Space Standards

Part A: New Open Space

The standards, shown in Table A3.1. relate to the quantity, quality and accessibility of each type of open space and comprise of:

  • Quantity standards – the area of open space required for every 1,000 people
  • Access standards – how far people travel from their home to reach a particular type of open space
  • Quality standards – a level of standard that all open spaces should strive to attain

Table A3.1. Standards for Open Space Provision in Central Lincolnshire

Type of Open Space

Quantity Standard

Access Standard

Quality Standard

Allotments and Community Growing Spaces

Areas of land that provide opportunities for growing fruit, vegetables and other plants, either in individual allotments or as a community activity

0.31 ha per 1,000 population

1,600m walking distance

Good and above as defined by any locally agreed quality criteria

Amenity Greenspace

Open spaces that are normally predominantly mown grass, but may also include areas of trees and landscaping. They may be used for a variety of informal recreational or social activities close to home or work, such as walking, sitting and passive recreation.

0.66 ha per 1,000 population

400m walking distance

Good and above as defined by Green Flag standard or any locally agreed quality criteria

Provision for Children and Young People

Equipped children’s play areas (LAPs, LEAP and NEAPs )

Outdoor youth provision (MUGAs and skateboard parks)

0.12 ha per 1,000 population

LAP/LEAP - 400m walking distance

NEAP – 1,200m walking distance

Good and above as defined by Fields in Trust standards or any locally agreed quality criteria.

Local and Neighbourhood Parks and Gardens

Areas of multi-functional open space, the majority of which is publicly accessible, normally enclosed, designed, constructed, managed and maintained as a public park, garden or recreation ground.

Parks should provide for a range of recreational activities that may include outdoor sports facilities and playing fields, children’s play for different age groups and informal recreational pursuits including sitting out and walking.

0.38ha per 1,000 population

Local – 400m walking distance

Neighbourhood - 1,200m walking distance

Good and above as defined by Green Flag standard or any locally agreed quality criteria

Strategic Park and Garden

Large areas of multi-functional open space, the majority of which is publicly accessible, normally enclosed, designed, constructed, managed and maintained as a public park, garden or recreation ground. Likely to attract visitors for more than one hour.

Parks should provide for a range of recreational activities that may include outdoor sports facilities and playing fields, children’s play for different age groups and informal recreational pursuits including sitting out and walking. May also include visitor facilities such as car park, toilets and a café.

No standard – provision should be opportunity or design led

Within 15km or a 15 minute drive time

Good and above as defined by Green Flag standard or any locally agreed quality criteria

Outdoor Sports Facilities (Public)

Outdoor sports facilities consist of natural or artificial surfaces used for sport and recreation, including playing pitches, tennis courts, bowling greens, athletics tracks and other outdoor sports areas.

1.09ha per 1,000 population or as defined in the conclusions of an up-to-date Playing Pitch Strategy which would allow the use of the Sport England playing pitch development calculator.

1,200m walking distance or as defined in the conclusions of an up-to-date Playing Pitch Strategy which would allow the use of the Sport England playing pitch development calculator.

Good and above as defined by Sport England governing body standards or any locally agreed quality criteria or as defined in the conclusions of an up-to-date Playing Pitch Strategy which would allow the use of the Sport England playing pitch development calculator.

Natural and Semi-Natural Greenspace

Natural and semi-natural open space which have been planted or colonised by vegetation and wildlife, including woodland and wetland areas, and where the public have legal or permissive access.

1 ha per 1,000 population

(which ideally meets the criteria for LNR designation in Lincoln and West Lindsey)

400m walking distance to an accessible natural greenspace of at least 2 ha

2km from home to an accessible natural greenspace 20ha in size

5km from home to an accessible natural greenspace 100ha in size

10km from home to an accessible natural greenspace 500ha in size

Good and above as defined by any locally agreed quality criteria.

Areas of natural and semi-natural greenspace should support local biodiversity and take opportunities to link to the green infrastructure network

These requirements take account of the anticipated pressure resulting from developments of different sizes in accordance with the open space standards detailed in the Open Space Audit and Assessment Update 2021. Standards should not be simply added together to generate a total requirement for open space. This is because it may be possible to provide some open space types within the boundary of another. For example, a neighbourhood park may be multi-functional and contain one or a number of the other open space types.

The most up to date Open Space Audit and Assessment, Playing Pitch Strategy and Green Infrastructure Strategy documents provide a useful starting point to identify the type of open space required, but early discussion with the local planning authority is also recommended.

The following thresholds provide clarity as to what should be delivered on and off-site on development proposals of a variety of sizes.

Table A3.2. Thresholds for On-Site and Off-Site Open Space Provision

Type of Open Space

Development Scheme Thresholds for Open Space Provision

<10 dwellings*

10-49

50-99

100 -499

500+

Sustainable Urban Extension

Allotments and Community Growing Spaces

No requirement

Off-site

On-site or off-site  

On-site or off-site  

On site  

Amenity Greenspace

No requirement

On-site or off-site 

On-site or off-site 

On-site or off-site  

On site  

Provision for Children and Young People

No requirement

On-site or off-site  

On-site or off-site 

On-site or off-site  

On site  

Outdoor Sports Facilities (Public)

No requirement

Off site 

On-site or off-site  

On-site or off-site  

On site 

Natural and Semi-Natural Greenspace

No requirement

On site or off site 

On site   

On site  

On site 

* Smaller developments may be required to make a contribution where the development creates or exacerbates a deficiency of open space in the area.

Development population should be calculated using the average occupancy levels set out in Table A3.3. below. Where the number of bedrooms is not known, the average occupancy rate for the District should be used (ONS, Census 2011).

Table A3.3.  Average Occupancy Levels for Calculating Development Population

Number of bedrooms

Lincoln

North Kesteven

West Lindsey

1

1.3

1.3

1.3

2

1.9

1.7

1.7

3

2.4

2.3

2.3

4

2.9

2.9

2.8

5 or more

3.5

3.2

3.1

District average occupancy rate

2.2

2.3

2.3

The calculation below sets out how much open space will be required using an average occupancy rate of 2.3 people.

Table A3.4.  Open Space Requirements Using Average Occupancy Rate of 2.3 People

Type of Open Space

Requirement per dwelling

Allotments and Community Growing Spaces

7.1m2/dwelling

Amenity Greenspace

15.2m2/dwelling

Provision for Children and Young People

2.76m2/dwelling

Local and Neighbourhood Parks and Gardens

8.76m2/dwelling

Outdoor Sports Facilities (Public)

2.32m2/dwelling

Natural and Semi-Natural Greenspace

2.30m2/dwelling

Part B: Playing Pitches

A playing pitch is a marked out area of 0.2 hectares or more and which is used for football, American football, rugby, cricket, hockey, lacrosse, rounders, baseball, softball, Australian football, Gaelic football, shinty, hurling, polo or cycle polo.[1] A playing pitch may have a natural or artificial surface.

As a guide, the expected quantity standard for playing pitches is 1.1ha/1,000 population.

The type of playing pitch/pitches to be provided will be negotiated on a case by case basis, taking account of current local provision and community aspirations, as well as the latest Central Lincolnshire Playing Pitch Strategy.

1. The Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure) (England) Order 2015 [back]