Central Lincolnshire Local Plan Review - Proposed Submission Local Plan

Proposed Submission Local Plan

Glossary

Affordable Housing

Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices.

Affordable home ownership is included within the definition as discounted market housing provided arrangements are put in place for the discount to remain for future eligible households.

Homes that do not meet the above definition of affordable housing, such as “low cost market” housing, may not be considered as affordable housing for planning purposes. The above definition was derived from the definition set out in the NPPF published in 2021.

Amenity

A general term used to describe the tangible and intangible benefits or features associated with a property or location that contribute to its character, comfort, convenience or attractiveness.

Ancient Woodland

Any wooded area that has been wooded continuously since at least 1600AD.

It includes: ‘ancient semi-natural woodland’ – mainly made up of trees and shrubs native to the site, usually arising from natural regeneration; and, ‘plantations on ancient woodland sites’ – areas of ancient woodland where the former native tree cover has been felled and replaced by planted trees, usually of species not native to the site.

Appropriate Locations

Appropriate locations means a location which does not conflict, when taken as a whole, with national policy or policies in this Local Plan. In addition, to qualify as an ‘appropriate location’, the site, if developed, would:

  • not significantly harm the settlement’s character and appearance; and
  • retain the core shape and form of the settlement;
  • not significantly harm the character and appearance of the surrounding countryside or the rural setting of the settlement.

Best and Most Versatile Agricultural Land

Land in grades 1, 2 and 3a of the Agricultural Land Classification.

Biodiversity

 

The whole variety of life encompassing all genetics, species and ecosystem variations, including plants and animals.

BREEAM

BREEAM is the world’s leading sustainability assessment method for master planning projects, infrastructure and buildings.

Assets are assessed through third party certification, using standards developed by BRE (The Building Research Establishment).

Brownfield land / Previously Developed Land

Land that has been previously developed.

Catchment Flood Management Plans (CFMPs)

Produced by the Environment Agency, CFMPs give an overview of the flood risk across each river catchment. They recommend ways of managing those risks now and over the next 50-100 years.

Central Lincolnshire Joint Strategic Planning Committee (CLJSPC)

The Central Lincolnshire Joint Strategic Planning Committee (CLJSPC) was established in October 2009. It contains representatives from the four constituent authorities, namely City of Lincoln Council, North Kesteven District Council, West Lindsey District Council, and Lincolnshire County Council.

Convenience and Comparison Shopping

Convenience – including food and non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco, alcoholic beverages, newspapers and periodicals, non-durable household goods such as cosmetics, cleaning products, stationary.

Comparison - including clothing materials and garments, shoes and other footwear, materials for the maintenance and repair of dwellings, furniture and furnishings, carpets and other floor coverings, household textiles, major household appliances whether electrical or not, small electrical household appliances, tools and miscellaneous accessories, glassware, tableware and household utensils, medical goods and other pharmaceutical products, bicycles, books and stationary, plants, jewellery, games, toys, hobbies, camping equipment.

Community Infrastructure

Facilities available for use by all the community, such as church or village halls, doctor’s surgeries and hospitals, even public houses. Community facilities could also include children’s playgrounds and sports facilities.

Conservation Area

 

A formally designated area of special historic or architectural interest whose character must be preserved or enhanced.

Developed Footprint

Developed footprint of a settlement is defined as the continuous built form of the settlement and excludes:

  • agricultural buildings and associated land on the edge of the settlement; and
  • individual buildings or groups of dispersed buildings which are clearly detached from the continuous built up area of the settlement;
  • gardens, paddocks and other undeveloped land within the curtilage of buildings on the edge of the settlement where land relates more to the surrounding countryside than to the built up area of the settlement;
  • outdoor sports and recreation facilities and other formal open spaces on the edge of the settlement.

Economic Needs Assessment

An evidence report examining the economic needs of Central Lincolnshire which projects the economic growth and job growth in Central Lincolnshire to 2040.

Ecosystem Services

The benefits to people provided by nature, including:

  • supporting services (e.g. habitats, thriving plants and wildlife, pollination)
  • provisioning services (e.g. food, water, wood, construction materials)
  • regulating services (e.g. water quality, flood regulation, erosion protection, carbon storage, noise reduction, air quality regulation, cooling and shading)
  • cultural services (e.g. access to nature, sense of place, aesthetic value, recreation and education)

Environmental net gain

Where biodiversity net gain, through habitat creation and enhancement, is achieved first and then goes further to deliver overall improvements in natural capital, ecosystem services and the benefits that they deliver.

Examination

A form of independent public inquiry into the soundness of a submitted Local Plan, which is chaired by an Inspector appointed by the Secretary of State. After the examination has ended the Inspector produces a report with recommendations which, in simple terms, are binding on the Council.

First Homes

A specific kind of discounted market sale housing, being prioritised by Government which will account for at least 25% of all affordable housing being delivered through planning obligations, which:

  1. must be discounted by at least 30% against market value;
  2. are sold to persons meeting set First Homes eligibility criteria;
  3. on their first sale, will have a restriction registered on the title at HM Land Registry to ensure this discount (as a percentage of current market value) and certain other restrictions are passed on at each subsequent title transfer; and
  4. after the discount has been applied, the first sale must be at a price no higher than £140,000 (locally set price).

Food Enterprise Zone

Food Enterprise Zones are based on local development orders and streamline planning procedures for businesses that meet the zone’s criteria, making it cheaper and simpler for them to expand. They also make it easier for new businesses to set up, attracting investment and boosting the rural economy.

Full Time Equivalent (FTE)

The hours worked by one employee on a full-time basis.

Geodiversity

The range of rocks, minerals, fossils, soils and landforms.

Greater Lincolnshire Local Enterprise Partnership (GLLEP)

The GLLEP works with the public and private sector to deliver sustainable economic growth.

The purpose of the GLLEP is to drive economic growth and to be the voice of the local business community, ensuring that the economic interests of the area are properly represented.

Greenfield Land

Land which has not been previously developed.

Gypsies and Travellers

Persons of nomadic habit of life whatever their race or origin, including such persons who on grounds only of their own family’s or dependents’ educational or health needs or old age have ceased to travel temporarily, but excluding members of an organised group of travelling showpeople or circus people travelling together as such.

Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

A method of considering the positive and negative impacts of development upon human health.

Historic Environment Record (HER)

HERs are an important starting point for anyone interested in the archaeology, built heritage, and history of an area. They can provide information on a wide variety of buildings and sites and are a primary source of information for planning, development-control work, and land management.

Important Established Employment Areas (IEEA)

Well established employment areas which include some plots available for development, offering choice and flexibility to the market through intensification or redevelopment.

Important Open Spaces

Existing open spaces that are protected under Policy S65.

Infill

 

Development of a site between existing buildings.

A collective term which relates to essential services, including road and transport facilities; education and medical facilities; and open space.

Infrastructure Delivery Plan (IDP)

The Central Lincolnshire Infrastructure Development Plan (IDP) has been prepared alongside this Local Plan and will be regularly updated. The IDP is produced to identify the range of infrastructure types and projects required to support growth and it identifies likely funding sources, delivery agents, timescales and priorities.

Infrastructure Integrated Impact Assessment

See ‘Sustainability Appraisal’

Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA)

LLFAs are county councils and unitary authorities. They lead in managing local flood risks (i.e. risks of flooding from surface water, ground water and ordinary (smaller) watercourses). 

Joint Strategic Needs Assessment

The means by which Primary Care Trusts and local authorities describe the future heath care and wellbeing needs of the local population and to identify the strategic direction of service delivery to meet those needs.

Local Green Space

Local Green Space designation is a way to provide special protection against development for green areas of particular importance to local communities.

Local Green Space can be designated through a Local Plan or Neighbourhood Plan.

The National Planning Policy Framework and National Planning Practice Guidance set out criteria and guidance for the designation of Local Green Space.

Local Industrial Strategy (LIS)

The Local Industrial Strategy is the Government’s long term plan to boost the productivity and earning power of people throughout the UK. Published in November 2017, it sets out five “foundations of productivity” as the building blocks for a transformed economy: ideas; people; infrastructure; business environment; and places.

The Greater Lincolnshire LIS is led by the GLLEP.

Local Plan

A Development Plan Document (DPD) which contains the spatial vision, main objectives and policies for managing the future development of the area.

Local Transport Plan (LTP)

The LTP sets out the overall strategy and delivery arrangements for transport across the whole of Lincolnshire, including supporting growth, tackling congestion, improving accessibility, creating safer roads and supporting the larger settlements. The LTP reflects the objectives of the latest Local Plan, and vice-versa, with each updated version aiming to complement one another.

Local Planning

Authority (LPA)

The local authority which has duties and powers under the planning legislation.

Main Town Centre Uses

Defined by the NPPF (2021) as “Retail development (including warehouse clubs and factory outlet centres); leisure, entertainment and more intensive sport and recreation uses (including cinemas, restaurants, drive-through restaurants, bars and pubs, nightclubs, casinos, health and fitness centres, indoor bowling centres and bingo halls); offices; and arts, culture and tourism development (including theatres, museums, galleries and concert halls, hotels and conference facilities)”

Major Development

Where the phrase ‘major development’ is used in this Local Plan, it means major development as defined by national legislation at the time. At the time of writing this Local Plan, the phrase is defined in The Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure) (England) Order 2010 as follows:

“major development” means development involving any one or more of the following—

(a) the winning and working of minerals or the use of land for mineral-working deposits;

(b) waste development;

(c) the provision of dwellinghouses where —

     (i) the number of dwellinghouses to be provided is 10 or more; or

     (ii) the development is to be carried out on a site having an area of 0.5 hectares or more and it is not known whether the development falls within

sub-paragraph (c)(i);

(d) the provision of a building or buildings where the floor space to be created by the development is 1,000 square metres or more; or

(e) development carried out on a site having an area of 1ha or more.

Ministry of Defence (MOD)

The Ministry of Defence is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government, and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.

Minor Development

Any development which is not major development.

Multi-functionality

The ability to perform more than one function at the same time e.g. for nature, health and wellbeing, climate and prosperous communities.

National Planning Policy  Framework (NPPF)

Sets out planning policies for England and how they are expected to be applied. It provides guidance for local planning authorities and decision-takers, both in drawing up plans and making decisions about planning applications.

National Planning

Practice Guidance

(NPPG)

 

Provides guidance for local planning authorities and decision- takers, both in drawing up plans and making decisions about planning applications. The guidance is categorised into subject categories.

Natural Capital

 A concept that considers the natural environment as a series of assets that provide society with goods and services that support human wellbeing and the economy.

Objectively Assessed

Need (OAN)

The identified housing need to meet the needs of the local authority area over the plan period.

Park Home

A residential mobile home, similar to a bungalow or caravan in style, installed as a dedicated site or ‘home park’. They are designed to be lived in permanently, and provide opportunity for residents to own a home, but pay rent to the owner of the site.

Pitch

A pitch on a “gypsy and traveller” site

Plot (when relating to Policy S83)

A pitch on a “travelling showpeople” site (often called a yard)

Permitted

Development

 

Permission to carry out certain limited forms of development without the need to make a planning application to a local planning authority.

Planning Obligations/ Section 106 Agreements

Legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure that certain extra works related to a development are undertaken. For example, the provision of highways. Sometimes called “Section 106” agreements.

Policies Map

 

A map on an Ordnance Survey base map which shows where Local Plan policies apply.

Primary Shopping Area

 

An area where retailing and the number of shops in a town centre is most concentrated. The extent of this area is defined on the Policies Map.

Primary Shopping

Frontages

A Shopping Frontage where a high proportion of retail uses (A1) is located. Defined on the Policies Map.

Proposed Submission Documents

 

Defined by The Town and Country Planning (Local Planning) (England) Regulations 2012 as:

 (a) the local plan which the local planning authority propose to submit to the Secretary of State,

(b) if the adoption of the local plan would result in changes to the adopted policies map, a submission policies map,

(c) the sustainability appraisal report of the local plan,

(d) a statement setting out—

(i) which bodies and persons were invited to make representations under regulation 18,

(ii) how those bodies and persons were invited to make such representations,

(iii) a summary of the main issues raised by those representations, and

(iv) how those main issues have been addressed in the development plan document, and

(e) such supporting documents as in the opinion of the local planning authority are relevant to the preparation of the local plan.

Sequential Approach

An approach to planning decisions which may require certain sites or locations to be fully considered for development before the consideration moves on to other sites or locations. The approach could apply to issues such as retail development, the use of previously developed land or the use of land at risk from flooding.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)

A Strategic Flood Risk Assessment, or SFRA, is part of the evidence base for the Local Plan and collates information on all known sources of flooding that may affect existing or future development within the Central Lincolnshire area. Such sources include tidal, river, surface water (local drainage), sewers and groundwater.

In collecting this information, the SFRA identifies and maps areas that have a ‘low’, ‘medium’ and ‘high’ probability of flooding, in accordance with national policy.

Within the flood affected areas, the SFRA recommends appropriate land uses that will not unduly place people or property at risk of flooding. Where flood risk has been identified as a potential constraint to future development, the SFRA recommends possible flood mitigation solutions that may be integrated into the design (by the developer) to minimise the risk to property and life should a flood occur.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA)

 

An assessment of housing need in the housing market area, including the scale and mix of housing and the range of tenures that is likely to be needed over the plan period.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)

SPDs expand on policies or provide further detail to policies contained in a Local Plan. At the time of writing, The Town and Country Planning (Local Planning) (England) Regulations 2012 set out what an SPD can cover.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA)

A formal, systematic process to assess the environmental, economic and social effects of strategies and policies from the start of preparation onwards. The process includes the production of reports to explain the outcomes of the appraisal.

In the case of this Central Lincolnshire Local Plan, an Integrated Impact Assessment (IIA) has been undertaken which incorporates sustainability appraisal.

Sustainable Development

Usually referred to as “development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland, 1987). See also the NPPF.

Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS)

A sequence of water management practices and facilities designed to drain surface water in a manner that will provide a more sustainable approach than what has been the conventional practice of routing run-off through a pipe to a watercourse.

Sustainable Urban Extensions

SUEs are urban extensions developed in sustainable locations.

SUEs coordinate the planning of residential opportunities, employment opportunities and the services and facilities that will enable residents to meet their day to day needs locally. They must be designed to integrate with the existing built and natural environment, integrate with existing communities, and maximise travel by sustainable travel modes, so that they do not result in a physically and socially segregated community. They present an opportunity to deliver a wide range of sustainable development principles that often cannot be achieved at a smaller scale.

Urban Grain

The pattern and arrangement of the blocks, streets, green infrastructure and plots in a settlement.

Use Class

A Use Class is something that falls under the General Use Classes Order. The General Use Classes Order is a piece of national secondary legislation which groups types of use of premises into classes, so that no development is involved if a building is changed from one use to another within the same class. Changing the use of a building from one class to another constitutes development, and needs planning permission, but in certain circumstances this may be automatically permitted without the need to submit a planning application.

E Use Classes

Uses under the new E Use Class introduced in September 2020 – Commercial, Business and service:

  • E(b) Sale of food and drink for consumption (mostly) on the premises
  • E(a) Display or retail sale of goods, other than hot food
  • E(c) Provision of:
  • E(c)(i) Financial services,
  • E(c)(ii) Professional services (other than health or medical services), or
  • E(c)(iii) Other appropriate services in a commercial, business or service locality
  • E(f) Creche, day nursery or day centre (not including a residential use)
  • E(d) Indoor sport, recreation or fitness (not involving motorised vehicles or firearms or use as a swimming pool or skating rink,)
  • E(e) Provision of medical or health services (except the use of premises attached to the residence of the consultant or practitioner)
  • E(g) Uses which can be carried out in a residential area without detriment to its amenity:
  • E(g)(i) Offices to carry out any operational or administrative functions,
  • E(g)(ii) Research and development of products or processes
  • E(g)(iii) Industrial processes

Water Framework Directive

The Water Framework Directive introduced a comprehensive river basin management planning system to help protect and improve the ecological health of our rivers, lakes, estuaries and coastal and groundwaters.

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) originates from the EU but has been retained in UK law following the UK's exit from Europe.

Windfall Development

Development on a site which is not allocated for development in the Local Plan. Windfall developments are typically small scale (1-9 units); infill; change of use; or unexpected large sites (e.g. brownfield site)